Why Should Patient’s Choose Physical Therapy Instead of Opioid Medication?

  • Physical therapists treat pain through movement while opioids only mask the sensation of pain
  • Opioids often cause serious side effects including addiction, depression, overdose, and withdrawal symptoms while physical therapy provides a safe alternative without serious side effects
  • Evidence is mounting for the effectiveness for physical therapy management of many common conditions such as low back pain and osteoarthritis while the effectiveness of opioids in treating these conditions is inconclusive in many cases.
  • Physical therapy has been found to be an effective alternative to surgery for many musculoskeletal conditions including meniscal tears, knee osteoarthritis, and rotator cuff tears.
  • The CDC recommended non-opioid approaches for the management of chronic pain in their 2015 guidelines which state that providers should consider opioid therapy “only if expected benefits for both pain and function are anticipated to outweigh the risks to the patient”.

Opioid Resources

The risks of opioid use outweigh the rewards

Opioid use can cause depression, overdose, and addiction, plus withdrawal symptoms when stopping use.

 

Patients want to do more than mask the pain

Physical therapy treats pain through movement while partnering with patients to improve or maintain their mobility and quality of life.

 

Pain or function problems are related to low back pain, hip or knee osteoarthritis, of fibromyalgia

The CDC cites “high-quality evidence” supporting exercise as part of a physical therapy treatment plan for those familiar conditions.

 

Opioids are prescribed for pain

Even in situations when opioids are prescribed, the CDC recommends that patients should receive the “lowest effective dosage,” and “should be combined” with non-opioid therapies such as physical therapy.

 

Pain lasts 90 days

At this point, the pain is considered “chronic”, and the risks for continued opioid use increase.  The CDC guidelines note that non-opioid therapies are “preferred for chronic pain.

 

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